Resume Components

Contact Information

While it may seem obvious, many employers report the inability to contact a job seeker due to insufficient information. Be sure to include sufficient contact information, including:

  • Name
  • Address
  • Multiple phone numbers (make sure your voicemail sounds professional)
  • Email (addresses should be appropriate and professional)

Qualification Summary

This section quickly tells the reader who you are, what you can do and what position you are seeking.


Prospective employers want to know how you have been trained for the role you want to fill. Some candidates fail to include education and training because they do not realize it is expected or because they may believe theirs is deficient.

Your education and training need to be listed because employers want (and expect) to see it. If you prefer to de-emphasize your education and formal training, place this section toward the end of your resume, but be sure to include it.

Experience and Skills

No matter what resume format you choose, skills and experience are the meat of the resume. They offer prospective employers the most clues about job qualifications. Carefully crafted statements about your abilities and your work experience typically are the most important piece of information you can bring to the table.

Other Information

Other information, such as volunteer experience, professional and social associations, and awards and honors can be included if they are applicable to your desired job. However, when in doubt, leave out other information.

Resume Formats

There are three common resume formats: Chronological Resume, Functional Resume, and Combination Resume. Each has its pros and cons, and each has a set of recruiters who favor that particular format over the others. You'll need to learn more about each type and decide which will highlight your skills and abilities most impressively. The resume format you pick should reflect you, your skills and the kind of job you are seeking.