Web Links: Gilded Age, 1878-1898


Industrialization in the Late 19th Century

Great Uprising/Great Railroad Strike of 1877, including images and documents (Maryland State Archives)
National Museum of American History's website on the shifting
understanding of marking time (to better understand the emergence of
"time-work discipline" in the age of industrialization)
National Museum of American History online exhibition on the history of
sweatshop labor in industrial America



"Captains of Industry"/ Gilded Age Industrialists

John D. Rockefeller, owner of Standard Oil Company, biography (PBS website)
 Industrialist Andrew Carnegie's influential "Gospel of Wealth" essay



Gilded Age Reforms

Women's Christian Temperance Union Address, 1893

Museum honoring Jane Addams' famous Hull House which addressed the problems of working class immigrants during turn-of-the-20th-century industrialization

Biography of muckraking journalist Ida Tarbell, who exposed abuses by the Standard Oil Company & others (PBS website)




Gilded Age Society

Popular author Horatio Alger
Horatio Alger short story: "Henry Trafton's Independence"
Stephen Crane's novella, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893)
 Excerpt from Social Darwinist William Graham Sumner's essay, "What the Social Classes Owe Each Other"
Phillips Thomson’s 1878 poem, “The Political Economist and the Tramp” satirizes Social Darwinism



Race in the Gilded Age

1896 U.S. Supreme Court Plessy v. Ferguson decision establishing the
precedent for Jim Crow segregation for the first half of the 20th century